Informed Consent Legal Meaning and Definition

Here is a simplified definition of the legal term Informed Consent.

Informed Consent (noun):

Informed consent is a process of agreement between two parties where one party, usually a patient or a legal defendant, acknowledges their understanding and acceptance of the detailed information, risks, and consequences about a particular action or decision. This is mostly utilized in the medical field where physicians thoroughly explain the potential outcomes of a treatment/operation before performing it, or in a legal context where the defendant is informed about all the potential consequences before making a decision to plead or surrender.