Federal Courts Legal Meaning and Definition

Here is a simplified definition of the legal term Federal Courts.

Federal Courts (noun): The structure of courts managing civil and criminal cases dictated by jurisdictions established within the U.S. Constitution and federal laws. This system incorporates federal district courts, appellate courts known as "district courts of appeals", the U.S. Supreme Court, and specific courts designed to handle specialized areas of law such as bankruptcy, tax, claims, and appeals for veterans. These courts have the role and responsibility of interpreting federal laws and the U.S. Constitution.