Examination Legal Meaning and Definition

Here is a simplified definition of the legal term Examination.

Examination (noun):

  1. In legal proceedings, it refers to the process where a witness is questioned by an attorney. Direct examination is when the attorney who called the witness asks questions, without leading or suggesting answers. Cross-examination is the questioning conducted by the opposing attorney where they are permitted to ask leading questions or suggest answers.

  2. In bankruptcy law, examination involves questioning a debtor by the judge, trustee, attorneys, or creditors to determine the debtor's financial status.

  3. In criminal law, a preliminary examination is a proceeding before a judge to decide whether a defendant charged with a felony should be held for trial. If any substantial evidence showing the defendant committed the felony is present, the defendant is sent to the appropriate court for trial. If not, the charge will be dismissed.