Espionage Legal Meaning and Definition

Here is a simplified definition of the legal term Espionage.

Espionage (noun)

The illegal act of gathering or transmitting confidential or sensitive information, such as state secrets, on behalf of a different country, regardless if that country is an enemy or an ally. Although it involves acts against a nation, it differs from treason which specifically involves giving assistance to enemy countries. This term is often associated with spying activities targeting the government or significant national entities.