Civil Legal Meaning and Definition

Here is a simplified definition of the legal term Civil.

Civil (adjective):

  1. Relating to the private rights and remedies sought by individuals, often involving issues like property or personal matters and not typically criminal in nature. This can include areas such as contracts, torts, property law, and family law. Example: A civil lawsuit.
  2. Pertaining to the rights granted to citizens by the constitution. These are protections and privileges given to individuals, also known as civil liberties or civil rights. Examples include voting rights, freedom of speech, and other liberties.
  3. Describing a society or community functioning under established law and order, maintaining peace and respect for authority. A civil society is one where citizens respect and abide by the law.